England and Wales Census 2021 - Employment in local authorities

This dataset represents people living in the local authorities of England and Wales who are in and out of work covering employment, unemployment and economic inactivity.

For general summaries, please refer to the publication

For comparison with Labour Force Survey estimates, please refer to this report

Read more about this quality notice.

Economically active

People aged 16 years and over who are an active participant in the labour market between 15 and 21 March 2021, as they were:

  • in employment as an employee or self-employed
  • unemployed, but looking for work and could start within two weeks
  • unemployed, but waiting to start a job that has been offered and accepted

Economically inactive

People aged 16 years and over who did not have a job between 15 and 21 March 2021 and had not looked for work between 22 February and 21 March 2021 or could not start work within two weeks.


This is someone’s age on their last birthday on Census Day, 21 March 2021 in England and Wales.


People who assessed their day-to-day activities as limited by long-term physical or mental health conditions or illnesses are considered disabled. This definition of a disabled person meets the harmonised standard for measuring disability and is in line with the Equality Act (2010).

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated March 13, 2023, 14:02 (GMT)
Created March 13, 2023, 14:02 (GMT)
Visibility Public
Year 2021
Topics Labour market
Units Persons
Geographic Layer Countries
Local Authorities
Upper Tier Local Authorities
Frequency Decennial
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5257/census/aggregate-2021-1
Citation Office for National Statistics; National Records of Scotland; Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency; UK Data Service. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5257/census/aggregate-2021-1
Geographical Coverage Location England and Wales
Granularity Country level down to Local Authorities
Geographic Spatial data {"geo_type": "polygon", "lat": "52.4036", "lon": "-1.93872", "left": "-6.53687", "top": "55.8275", "right": "1.98853", "bottom": "49.6694", "srid": null, "accuracy": null, "source": null}