England and Wales Census 2021 - Ethnic group by economic activity status, and occupation

This dataset represents ethnic group (19 tick-box level) by economic activity status and by occupation, for England and Wales combined. The census data are also broken down by age and by sex for each subtopic.

The ethnic group that the person completing the census feels they belong to. This could be based on their culture, family background, identity, or physical appearance. Respondents could choose one out of 19 tick-box response categories, including write-in response options.

Total counts for some population groups may not match between published tables. This is to protect the confidentiality of individuals' data. Population counts have been rounded to the nearest 5 and any counts below 10 are suppressed, this is signified by a 'c' in the data tables.

This dataset shows population counts for usual residents aged between 16 to 64 years old only. This is to focus on ethnic groups differences among the working age. Population counts in these tables may be different from other publications which use different age breakdowns.

"Asian Welsh" and "Black Welsh" ethnic groups were included on the census questionnaire in Wales only, these categories were new for 2021.

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by ethnic group. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.

For quality information in general, please read more from here.

For specific quality information about labour market, please read more from here

Ocupation counts classifiy people who were in employment between 15 March and 21 March 2021, by the SOC code that represents their current occupation. (Occupation is classified using the Standard Occupation Classification 2020 version). Details of SOC code can be found here.

Ethnic Group (19 tick-box level)

These are the 19 ethnic group used in this dataset:

  • Asian, Asian British or Asian Welsh
    • Bangladeshi
    • Chinese
    • Indian
    • Pakistani
    • Other Asian
  • Black, Black British, Black Welsh, Caribbean or African
    • African
    • Caribbean
    • Other Black
  • Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups
    • White and Asian
    • White and Black African
    • White and Black Caribbean
    • Other Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
    • English, Welsh, Scottish, Northern Irish or British
    • Gypsy or Irish Traveller
    • Irish
    • Roma
    • Other White
  • Other ethnic group
    • Arab
    • Any other ethnic group

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated March 15, 2023, 14:05 (GMT)
Created March 15, 2023, 14:05 (GMT)
Visibility Public
Year 2021
Topics Ethnicity
Labour market
Units Persons
Geographic Layer Countries
Frequency Decennial
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5257/census/aggregate-2021-1
Citation Office for National Statistics; National Records of Scotland; Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency; UK Data Service. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5257/census/aggregate-2021-1
Geographical Coverage Location England and Wales
Granularity England and Wales level only
Geographic Spatial data {"geo_type": "polygon", "lat": "52.4036", "lon": "-1.93872", "left": "-6.53687", "top": "55.8275", "right": "1.98853", "bottom": "49.6694", "srid": null, "accuracy": null, "source": null}