England and Wales Census 2021 - Ethnic group by general health, disability, and unpaid care

This dataset represents ethnic group (19 tick-box level) by general health, by disabled and non-disabled populations, and provision of unpaid care, for England and Wales combined. The data are also broken down by age and sex for each subtopic.

The ethnic group that the person completing the census feels they belong to. This could be based on their culture, family background, identity, or physical appearance. Respondents could choose one out of 19 tick-box response categories, including write-in response options.

Total counts for some population groups may not match between published tables. This is to protect the confidentiality of individuals' data. Population counts have been rounded to the nearest 5 and any counts below 10 are suppressed, this is signified by a 'c' in the data tables.

"Asian Welsh" and "Black Welsh" ethnic groups were included on the census questionnaire in Wales only, these categories were new for 2021.

This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify usual residents in England and Wales by ethnic group. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.

Read more about this quality notice.

The population base for unpaid care is usual residents aged 5 and above. 5-year age bands have been used for the majority of analysis; however, age groups "5 to 17" and "18 to 24" have been used to allow commentary on young carers and young working age carers.

Ethnic Group (19 tick-box level)

These are the 19 ethnic group used in this dataset:

  • Asian, Asian British or Asian Welsh
    • Bangladeshi
    • Chinese
    • Indian
    • Pakistani
    • Other Asian
  • Black, Black British, Black Welsh, Caribbean or African
    • African
    • Caribbean
    • Other Black
  • Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups
    • White and Asian
    • White and Black African
    • White and Black Caribbean
    • Other Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
    • English, Welsh, Scottish, Northern Irish or British
    • Gypsy or Irish Traveller
    • Irish
    • Roma
    • Other White
  • Other ethnic group
    • Arab
    • Any other ethnic group

General health

A person's assessment of the general state of their health from very good to very bad. This assessment is not based on a person's health over any specified period of time.


The definition of disability used in the 2021 Census is aligned with the definition of disability under the Equality Act (2010). A person is considered disabled if they self-report having a physical or mental health condition or illness that has lasted or is expected to last 12 months or more, and that this reduces their ability to carry out day-to-day activities.

Unpaid care

An unpaid carer may look after, give help or support to anyone who has long-term physical or mental ill-health conditions, illness or problems related to old age. This does not include any activities as part of paid employment. This help can be within or outside of the carer's household.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated March 15, 2023, 14:05 (GMT)
Created March 15, 2023, 14:05 (GMT)
Visibility Public
Year 2021
Topics Ethnicity
Units Persons
Geographic Layer Countries
Frequency Decennial
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5257/census/aggregate-2021-1
Citation Office for National Statistics; National Records of Scotland; Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency; UK Data Service. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5257/census/aggregate-2021-1
Geographical Coverage Location England and Wales
Granularity England and Wales level only
Geographic Spatial data {"geo_type": "polygon", "lat": "52.4036", "lon": "-1.93872", "left": "-6.53687", "top": "55.8275", "right": "1.98853", "bottom": "49.6694", "srid": null, "accuracy": null, "source": null}